Urolitiasis en pequeños rumiantes

  • María Angélica Ramírez Soria Programa de Maestría y Doctorado en Ciencias de la Producción y de la Salud Animal. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  • Agustín Martínez Grupo de Salud Animal, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Bariloche, Argentina
  • Carlos Robles Grupo de Salud Animal, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Bariloche, Argentina

Resumen

La urolitiasis es una enfermedad del tracto urinario que afecta a ovinos y caprinos siendo más frecuente en producciones intensivas y semi-intensivas. Clínicamente se caracteriza por depresión, letargia, rechinar de dientes, inapetencia, oliguria, goteo de orina en casos de obstrucción parcial, deshidratación, hinchazón prepucial, distención abdominal, renuencia a moverse y muerte. Los cálculos más comunes son los de sílica, estruvita, oxalatos y fitoestrógenos y en su génesis se involucra a factores nutricionales, ambientales, de manejo y los de tipo fisiológicos y relacionados al animal, como la edad, la raza y la castración. Existen tratamientos médicos a base de sedantes y relajantes musculares, antinflamatorios, antibióticos, diuréticos y acidificantes de la orina, que aplicados en etapas tempranas de la enfermedad son efectivos. Es necesario profundizar la investigación en cuanto a la patogenia de la enfermedad y los factores de riesgo, ya que son herramientas clave en el diagnóstico temprano, el control y prevención de la urolitiasis en pequeños rumiantes.


 


Urolithiasis in small ruminants



Abstract. Urolithiasis is a disease affecting the urinary tract of sheep and goat, being most frequent in intensive and semi-intensive breeding systems. Clinically, it is characterised by depression, lethargy, teeth grinding, inappetence, oliguria, leakage of urine in cases of partial obstruction, dehydration, prepucial swelling, bloating, reluctance to move and death. The most common calculi are those of silica, struvite, oxalates and phytoestrogens, and their genesis involves nutritional, environmental, management factors and physiological factors related to animals, like de age, breed and castration. There are medical treatments based on sedatives, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatories, antibiotics, diuretics and urine acidifyiers, that in early stages of the disease are effective. It is necessary to deepen research regarding the pathogenesis of the disease and risk factors, since they are key tools in the early diagnosis, control, and prevention of urolithiasis in small ruminants.

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Publicado
2020-07-29
##submission.howToCite##
RAMÍREZ SORIA, María Angélica; MARTÍNEZ, Agustín; ROBLES, Carlos. Urolitiasis en pequeños rumiantes. Ab Intus, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 5, p. 112-122, july 2020. ISSN 2618-2734. Disponible en: <http://www.ayv.unrc.edu.ar/ojs/index.php/Ab_Intus/article/view/135>. Fecha de acceso: 28 sep. 2020
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